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Literature Cited

  • Bailey, Robert G. 1996. Ecosystem geography. Springer: New York. 204 p.

  • Beechie, T., E. Beamer, and L. Wasserman. 1994. Estimating coho salmon rearing habitat and smolt production losses in a large river basin, and implications for habitat restoration. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14: 797-811.

  • Bella, David A. 1992. Ethics and the credibility of applied science. p. 19-32. In Reeves, Gordon H., Daniel L. Bottom, and Martha H. Brookes (tech. coords). 1992. Ethical questions for resource managers. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-288. Portland, Oregon: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 39 p.

  • Bjornn, T. C. and D. W. Reiser. 1991. Habitat requirements of salmonids in streams. p. 83-138. In Meehan, W. R. (ed.). Influences of forest and rangeland management on salmonid fishes and their habitats. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 19. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society. 751 p.

  • Bledsoe, Anthony J. 1881(1971). History of Del Norte County with business and traveler’s guide. Eureka and Ferndale, California. 175 p.

  • Botkin, Daniel B. 1990. Discordant harmonies: a new ecology for the twenty-first century. New York: Oxford University Press. 241 p.

  • Botkin, Daniel B. 1994. Preface. In Sampson, R. Neil and David L. Adams (ed.). 1994. Assessing forest ecosystem health in the Inland West: Papers from the American forests workshop, Nov. 14-20, 1993, Sun Valley, Idaho. Binghamton, New York: Food Products Press. 461 p.

  • Bryant, M. D. and J. R. Sedell. 1995. Riparian forests, wood in the water, and fish habitat complexity. p. 202-224. In Armantrout, N. B., (ed.). Condition of the world’s aquatic habitats. Proceedings of the World Fisheries Congress, Theme 1. Lebanon, New Hampshire: Science Publishers Inc.

  • Burke, Robert A. 1996. Personal communication. Humboldt State University, Arcata, California.

  • California. 1994. Ecological units of California - subsections (1:1,000,000). Washington, D.C.[?] US Government Printing Office. 1 sheet.

  • California. 1994b. Fault activity map of California and adjacent areas with locations and ages of recent volcanic eruptions (1: 750,000). California geologic data map series, map no. 6. Capitol Heights, Maryland: Williams and Heintz Map Corporation. 1 sheet.

  • California Advisory Committee on Salmon and Steelhead Trout. 1987. North coast basins report. North Coast Basins Working Group. 50 leaves.

  • California Assembly Interim Committee on Fish and Game. 1961. Status of salmon and steelhead on the north coast. Crescent City, California. October 10, 1961. 169 leaves.

  • California Department of Fish and Game. 1980. Smith River draft waterway management plan. Sacramento, California: EDAW Inc. 339 p.

  • California Department of Fish and Game. 1980b. Smith River draft waterway management plan: Appendix one: basin resources. Sacramento, California: EDAW Inc. 400 p.

  • California Department of Fish and Game. 1995. California stream bioassessment procedure: benthic macroinvertebrate field sampling. California Department of Fish and Game, Water Pollution Control Board, Aquatic Bioassessment Laboratory. March 1995. 9 p. For more information: Jim Harrington, CDFG - WPCL, 2005 Nimbus Rd., Rancho Cordova, California 95670. (916) 355-0856.

  • California Department of Water Resources. 1965. Land and water use in the Smith River hydrographic unit. Bulletin 94-4. Sacramento, California: California Resources Agency. 74 p.

  • California Department of Water Resources. 1966. Developing the north coast- an action program, progress report. Bulletin 105-1. Sacramento, California: California Resources Agency, Department of Water Resources. 58 p.

  • California Department of Water Resources. 1970. North coastal area action plan: a study of the Smith River basin and plain. Bulletin 105-3. Sacramento, California: Department of Water Resources. 36 p.

  • California Department of Water Resources. 1974. Smith River gravel study. Sacramento, California: California Resources Agency, Department of Water Resources, Northern District. 23(+) p.

  • Carver, Gary. 1995. Personal communication. Humboldt State University, Arcata, California.

  • Coats, Robert and Philip Williams. 1990. Hydrologic techniques for coastal wetland restoration illustrated by two case studies. p 236-246. In John J. Berger (ed.). Environmental restoration: science and strategies for restoring the earth. Washington, D.C.: Island Press. 398 p.

  • Cooperrider, Allen and Ron Garrett. 1995. Klamath basin ecosystem restoration strategy. Klamath Falls, Oregon: Klamath Basin Ecosystem Restoration Office. 206 p.

  • Dale, Robert Y. 1992. The Gasquet to Orleans road: a case study in Forest Service decision-making. M.S. Thesis. Arcata, California: Humboldt State University. 157 p.

  • Dana, Samuel Trask. 1956. Forest and range policy: its development in the United States. New York: McGraw-Hill. 455 p.

  • Davies, Gilbert W. and Florice M. Frank. 1992. Stories of the Klamath National Forest: the first 50 years, 1905-1955. Hat Creek, CA: History Ink Books. 436 p.

  • Duncan, Angus. 1994. Proposal for a Columbia Basin watershed planning council. Illahee 10:4 287-303, winter 1994.

  • Elford, C. Robert. 1970. The climate of California. In National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Department of Commerce. 1974. Climates of the states, volume II, western states. Port Washington, New York: Water Information Center, Inc. 975 p. plus appendices.

  • Elford, C. Robert and Max R. McDonough. 1974. The climate of Humboldt and Del Norte Counties. United States Weather Bureau. Eureka, California: Humboldt and Del Norte Counties Agricultural Extension Service, University of California. 52 p.

  • Environmental Protection Agency. 1994. Digital hydrologic data for California, river reaches. Available from the Klamath Basin Ecosystem Restoration Office, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California.

  • Flosi, Gary and Forrest L. Reynolds. 1994. California salmonid stream restoration manual. Second edition. [Sacramento], California: California Department of Fish and Game. 1 volume, many pagings.

  • Franklin, Jerry, and C. T. Dyrness. 1988. Natural vegetation of Oregon and Washington. [Corvallis]: Oregon State University Press. 452 p.

  • Frissell, Christopher A., William J. Liss, and David Bayles. 1993. An integrated, biophysical strategy for ecological restoration of large watersheds. A paper presented for the Proceedings of a Symposium sponsored by the American Water Resources Association, "Changing roles in water resources management and policy," June 27-30, 1993, Seattle, Washington. DRAFT 26 February 1993. 9 p.

  • Funderburk, Stephen L. 1979. Assessment of the use of the Lake Earl area, Del Norte County, California, by birds and raptors. M.S. thesis. Humboldt State University, Arcata, California. 141 p.

  • Furniss, Michael J. 1997. Personal communication. Forest hydrologist, Six Rivers National Forest, Eureka CA.

  • Gregory, S. V. 1993. The basis for integrated watershed and stream restoration. American Fisheries Society National Meeting, Portland, Oregon. September 1993.

  • Griffin, James R. and William B. Critchfield. 1972. The distribution of forest trees in California. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experimental Station. USDA Forest Service research paper PSW-82. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office. 114 p.

  • Hassler, Thomas J. 1987. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Pacific Southwest)-- Coho salmon. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biological report 83(11.70). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, TR EL-82-4. Slidell, Louisiana: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 19 p.

  • Healey, M. C. 1982. Juvenile Pacific salmon in estuaries: the life support system. p. 315-341. In V. S. Kennedy, ed. Estuarine comparisons. New York: Academic Press.

  • Healey, M. C. 1991. Life history of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). p. 311-393. In C. Groot and L. Margolis. 1991. Pacific salmon life histories. Vancouver, British Columbia: UBC Press. 564 p.

  • Hilton, Sue and Thomas E. Lisle. 1993. Measuring the fraction of pool volume filled with fine sediment. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Research Note PSW-RN-414, July 1993. Berkeley, California: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 11 p.

  • Huntington, Charles, Willa Nehlsen, and Jon Bowers. 1996. A survey of healthy native stocks of anadromous salmonids in the Pacific Northwest and California. Fisheries 21(3):6-14.

  • Iwamoto, R. N. and E. O. Salo. 1977. Estuarine survival of juvenile salmonids: a review of the literature. Report to Washington Department of Fisheries. Seattle: Fisheries Resource Institute, University of Washington.

  • Jennings, Charles W. 1994. An explanatory text to accompany the fault activity map of California and adjacent areas with locations and ages of recent volcanic eruptions. Sacramento, California: California Division of Mines and Geology. 92 p.

  • Kauffman, J. Boone, Robert L. Beschta, Nick Otting, and Danna Lytjen. 1997. An ecological perspective of riparian and stream restoration in the western United States. Fisheries 22(5):12-24.

  • Keller, Edward A., Anne MacDonald, Taz Tally, and Nancy J. Merrit. 1995. Effects of large organic debris on channel morphology and sediment storage in selected tributaries of Redwood Creek, northwestern California. p.1-29. In Geomorphic processes and aquatic habitat in the Redwood Creek Basin, northwestern California. U.S. Geological Survey Professional paper 1454. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 29 p.

  • Keter, Thomas S. 1995. Environmental and cultural history of the Smith River basin. 76 p. In McCain, Michael, Brenda Devlin-Craig, and Corrine Black (eds.). 1995. Smith River ecosystem analysis: basin and subbasin analyses and late successional reserve assessment. Version 1.0. Eureka, California: US Department of Agriculture, Six Rivers National Forest. 212 p. plus appendices.

  • Kier (William M.) Associates. 1995. Watershed restoration - A guide for citizen involvement in California. NOAA Coastal Ocean Program Decision Analysis Series No. 8. Silver Springs, Maryland: NOAA Coastal Ocean Office. 114 p. plus 3 appendices.

  • Kilbourne, Richard T. and Lailiana Mualchin. 1981. Geology for planning: Crescent City and Sister Rocks 7.5 quadrangles, Del Norte County, California. Sacramento, California: California Division of Mines and Geology. 48 p.

  • Klaseen, T. A. and D. K. Ellison. 1974. Soil survey of the Shasta County area, California. San Francisco, California: US Department of Agriculture and University of California Agricultural Extension Station. 1 volume.

  • Kuchler, August W. 1977. Natural vegetation of California. Lawrence, Kansas: Williams and Heintz Map Corporation. 31 p. plus map (1:1,000,000).

  • Lawson, Peter W. 1993. Cycles in ocean productivity, trends in habitat quality, and the restoration of salmon runs in Oregon. Fisheries 18:8 6-10.

  • Lee, Kai N. 1993. Compass and gyroscope: integrating science and politics for the environment. Island Press, Washington, D.C. 243 p.

  • Lestelle, Lawrence C. and Lars E. Mobrand. 1995. Progress report on the application of an ecosystem analysis method to the Grande Ronde watershed, using spring chinook as a diagnostic species. Portland, Oregon: Bonneville Power Administration. 68 p.

  • Lestelle, Lawrence C., Lars E. Mobrand, James A. Lichatowich, and Thomas S. Vogel. 1996. Applied ecosystem analysis: a primer. Portland, Oregon: Bonneville Power Administration. 95 p.

  • Levings, C. D., C. D. McAllister, and B. D. Chang. 1986. Differential use of the Campbell River Estuary, British Columbia, by wild and hatchery-reared juvenile chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 43: 1386-1397.

  • Levings, C. D. and J. S. Macdonald. 1991. Rehabilitation of estuarine fish habitat at Campbell River, British Columbia. American Fisheries Society Symposium 10: 176-190.

  • Lichatowich, James, Lars Mobrand, Larry Lestelle, and Tom Vogel. 1995. An approach to the diagnosis and treatment of depleted Pacific salmon populations in Pacific Northwest watersheds. Fisheries 20(1):10-18.

  • Lisle, T. E. 1996. Personal communication. USDA, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region, Redwood Sciences Laboratory, Arcata, California.

  • Lisle, T. E. and S. Hilton. 1991. Fine sediment in pools: An index of how sediment is affecting a stream channel. FHR Currents, Fish Habitat Relationship Technical Bulletin 6, December 1991. USDA, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region, Redwood Sciences Laboratory, Arcata, California. Washington, D.C.: USDA Forest Service. 5 p.

  • Lorensen Ted, Chip Andrus, and John Runyon. 1994. The Oregon Forest Practices Act water protection rules: scientific and policy considerations. Forest Practices Policy Unit, Oregon Department of Forestry. 39 p. plus appendices.

  • Macdonald, J. S., I. K. Birtwell, and G. M. Kruzynski. 1987. Food and habitat utilization by juvenile salmonids in the Campbell River estuary. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 44: 1233-1246.

  • Mantua, Nathan J., Steven R. Hare, Yuan Zhang, John M. Wallace, and Robert C. Francis. 1997. A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 38(6):1069-1079.

  • McCain, Michael, Brenda Devlin-Craig, and Corrine Black, editors. 1995. Smith River ecosystem analysis: basin and subbasin analyses and late successional reserve assessment. Version 1.0. Eureka, California: US Department of Agriculture, Six Rivers National Forest. 212 p. plus appendices.

  • McCain, Mike, Dave Fuller, Lynn Decker, and Kerry Overton. 1990. Stream habitat classification and inventory procedures for northern California. FHR Currents, Fish Habitat Relationship Technical Bulletin 1. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region. Washington, D.C.: USDA Forest Service. 15 p.

  • McGee-Houghton, Elizabeth A. 1995. Vascular plant species diversity and soils of the Jeffrey pine/Idaho fescue vegetation type in the Smith River watershed, Del Norte County, California. M.S. thesis. Arcata, California: Humboldt State University. 89 p.

  • McLaughlin, James, and Frank Harradine. 1966. Soils of Del Norte County, California. Davis, California: University of California, Davis. 53 p. plus maps.

  • McMahon, T. E. and L. B. Holtby. 1992. Behavior, habitat use, and movements of coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch smolts during seaward migration. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 49: 1478-1485.

  • McMillan, Jack R. and Lee R. Gibson. 1987. Smith River ground water study. [Sacramento], California: California Department of Water Resources, Northern District. 138 p.

  • Meffe, Gary K. and C. Ronald Carroll. 1994. Principles of conservation biology. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates. 600 p.

  • Meehan, W. R. and T. C. Bjornn. 1991. Salmonid distributions and life histories. p. 47-82. In Meehan, William R. (ed.). 1991. Influences of forest and rangeland management on salmonid fishes and their habitats. Special publication 19. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society. 751 p.

  • Mizuno, E. H. 1997. The physical habitat and biological communities of the Smith River estuary, California. M.S. thesis (unpublished draft). Arcata, California: Humboldt State University.

  • Mobrand Biometrics. 1996. Applied ecosystem analysis: background. Portland, Oregon: Bonneville Power Administration. Multiple pagings.

  • Monroe, Gary M., Bobby J. Mapes, and Patrick L. McLaughlin. 1975. Natural resources of Lake Earl and the Smith River delta, Coastal wetland series #10. [Sacramento]: California Department of Fish and Game. 130 p.

  • Monroe, Gary M. 1988. Lake Earl wildlife area management plan. Sacramento[?], California: California Resources Agency, Department of Fish and Game. Various pagings.

  • Morgan, Penelope, Gregory H. Aplet, Jonathan B. Haufler, Hope C. Humphries, Margaret M. Moore, and W. Dale Wilson. 1994. Historical range of variability: a useful tool for evaluating ecosystem change. p. 87-111. In Sampson, R. Neil and David L. Adams (ed.). 1994. Assessing forest ecosystem health in the Inland West: papers from the American forests workshop, Nov. 14-20, 1993, Sun Valley, Idaho. Binghamton, New York: Food Products Press. 461 p.

  • Moser, Mary L., Alan F. Olson, and Thomas P. Quinn. 1991. Riverine and estuarine migratory behavior of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) smolts. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 48: 1670-1678.

  • Moyer, Chris. 1996. Personal communication. Humboldt State University, Arcata, California.

  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 1995. Climatological data, California. Volume 99, numbers 1-13. Asheville, North Carolina: US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Climatic Data Center.

  • Nehlsen, Willa, Jack E. Williams, and James A. Lichatowich. 1991. Pacific salmon at the crossroads: stocks at risk from California, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington. Fisheries 16:2 4-21.

  • Nicholas, J. W. and D. G. Hankin. 1989. Chinook salmon populations in Oregon coastal river basins: description of life histories and assessment of recent trends in run strengths. Corvallis: Oregon State University Extension Service.

  • Odum, Eugene P. 1983. Basic ecology. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Sanders College Publishing. 613 p.

  • Orr, David W. 1995. Earth in mind: on education, environment, and the human prospect. Washington, D.C.: Island Press. 213 p.

  • Plafkin, J. L., M. T. Barbour, K. D. Porter, S. K. Gross, and R. M. Hughes. 1989. Rapid bioassessment protocols for use in streams and rivers: benthic macroinvertebrates and fish. EPA 444/4-89-001. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

  • Popenoe, J. H., K. A. Bevis, B. R. Gordon, N. K. Sturham, and D. L. Hauxwell. 1992. Soil-vegetation relationships in Franciscan terrain of northwestern California. Soil Science Society of America Journal 56: 1951-1959.

  • Potyondy, John P. and Terry Hardy. 1994. Use of pebble counts to evaluate fine sediment increase in stream channels. Water Resources Bulletin 30(3):509-520.

  • Rakha, Naseem. Personal communication. 1995.

  • Reedy, Gary D. 1995. Summer abundance and distribution of juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in the Middle Fork Smith River, California. M.S. thesis. Arcata, California: Humboldt State University. 137 p.

  • Reedy, Gary D. 1997. Personal communication. Humboldt State University, Arcata, California.

  • Reid, Leslie M., Robert R. Ziemer, and Michael J. Furniss. 1994. Watershed analysis in the federal arena. Watershed Management Council Newsletter 6:2. Fall 1994.

  • Rellim Redwood Company. 1994. Mill Creek monitoring program: juvenile salmonid monitoring on the East and West Branches of Mill Creek. Crescent City, California: Rellim Redwood Company. 25 p.

  • Reynolds, Keith M. 1995. Definition of forest ecosystem health. Protection of Forest Health and Productivity Program. http://www.fsl.orst.edu/home/usfs/fhealth/helthdef.htm. Corvallis, Oregon: Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experimental Station, Oregon State University.

  • Rieman, Bruce, Danny Lee, Jack McIntyre, Kerry Overton, and Russ Thurow. 1993. Consideration of extinction risks for salmonids. FHR Currents, Fish Habitat Relationship Technical Bulletin 14, December 1993. USDA, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Work unit 4203, Boise, Idaho. Washington, D.C.: USDA Forest Service. 12 p.

  • Rosgen, D. L. 1985. A stream classification system. p. 91-95 In Riparian ecosystems and their management, Interagency North American Riparian Conference. General technical report GTR-ROM-120. Fort Collins, Colorado: Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station, USDA Forest Service.

  • Salo, E. O. 1991. Life history of chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta). p. 231-309 In C. Groot and L. Margolis (eds.). 1991. Pacific salmon life histories. Vancouver, British Columbia: UBC Press. 564 p.

  • Sampson, R. Neil and David L. Adams (ed.). 1994. Assessing forest ecosystem health in the inland west: papers from the American forests workshop, Nov. 14-20, 1993, Sun Valley, Idaho. Binghamton, New York: Food Products Press. 461 p.

  • Sandercock, F. K. 1991. Life history of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). p. 395-445, In C. Groot and L. Margolis (eds.). 1991. Pacific salmon life histories. Vancouver, British Columbia: UBC Press. 564 p.

  • Savory, Allan. 1988. Holistic resource management. Washington, D.C.: Island Press. 564 p. Also Center for Holistic Resource Management, 1010 Tijeras NW, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87002, (505) 842-5252.

  • Schlosser, Isaac J. 1991. Stream fish ecology: a landscape perspective. BioScience 41:704-712.

  • Schuett-Hames, Dave, Jim Ward, Martin Fox, Allen Pleus, and Jeff Light. 1994. Large woody debris survey module: Timber-fish-wildlife ambient monitoring program. Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission. 19 p.

  • Scriven, Joseph D. 1997. Pesonal communication. Crescent City, California.

  • Scriven, Joseph D. In press. Snorkel surveys for juvenile coho salmon in tributaries to the Smith River, California. M.S. thesis. Arcata, California: Humboldt State University.

  • Sedell, James R., Peter A. Bisson, Frederick J. Swanson, and Stanley V. Gregory. What we know about large trees that fall into streams and rivers. p. 47-81. In Chris Maser, Robert F. Tarrant, James M. Trappe, and Jerry F. Franklin (tech. eds.). 1988. From the forest to the sea: a story of fallen trees. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-229. USFS, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 153 p.

  • Sedell, James R. and Karen J. Luchessa. 1981. Using the historical record as an aid to salmonid habitat enhancement. p. 210-223 In N. B. Armantrout (ed.). Acquisition and utilization of aquatic habitat inventory information. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society.

  • Shreffler, D. K., C. A. Simenstad, and R. M. Thom. 1992. Foraging by juvenile salmon in a restored estuarine wetland. Estuaries 15 (2): 204-213.

  • Simenstad, C. A., K. L. Fresh, and E. O. Salo. 1982. The role of Puget Sound and Washington coastal estuaries in the life history of Pacific salmon: an unappreciated function. p. 343-363 In V. S. Kennedy (ed.). Estuarine comparisons. New York: Academic Press.

  • Smith River, CA. 1966. Smith River quadrangle - California - Humboldt Co. [7.5 minute series (topographic)]. Denver: United States Geological Survey. 1 sheet.

  • Smith River National Recreation Area. 1993a. Backroads discovery (brochure). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office

  • Smith River National Recreation Area. 1993b. Camping (brochure). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office

  • Smith River National Recreation Area. 1993c. Hiking (brochure). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office

  • Smith River National Recreation Area. 1993d. River recreation (brochure). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office

  • Smith River National Recreation Area. 1994. Smith River National Recreation Area, Six Rivers National Forest, Del Norte County, California [map - 1:63,360 (topographic)]. San Francisco, California: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1 sheet, both sides.

  • Smith River National Recreation Area. [No date] Smith River National Recreation Area fact sheet. 3p. Available from Smith River National Recreation Area headquarters, Six Rivers National Forest, P.O. Box 228 Gasquet CA 95543 (707) 457-3131.

  • Smith River National Recreation Area Act, Pub. L. No. 101-612, 104 Stat. 3209, U.S.C. 1988 Title 16, November 16, 1990.

  • Stone, Linda. 1993. Pliocene-Pleistocene sedimentary and tectonic history of the Crescent City/Smith River region, Del Norte County, California. M.S. thesis. Arcata, California: Humboldt State University. 185 p.

  • Trewartha, Glenn T. and Lyle H. Horn. 1980. An introduction to climate. New York: McGraw-Hill. 416 p.

  • Trush, William J. 1995. Personal communication. Humboldt State University, Arcata, California.

  • Tuffly, Michael F. 1995. Predicting vegetation type and fire hazard in the Smith River National Recreation Area using a geographic information system. M.S. thesis. Arcata, California: Humboldt State University. 41 p. Available from Humboldt County Room, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California.

  • United States, Army Corps of Engineers. 1971a. Flood plain information: Lake Earl, Lake Talawa, and the Lower Smith River, Del Norte County, California. San Francisco: US Army Corps of Engineers, San Francisco District. 27 p.

  • United States, Army Corps of Engineers. 1971b. Review report for flood control and allied purposes on Smith River basin, California and Oregon. San Francisco: US Army Corps of Engineers. 41 p. plus appendix and plates

  • United States, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1960. Natural resources of northern California. Report appendix: a preliminary survey of fish and wildlife resources. U.S. Dept. of Interior, Pacific Southwest Field Committee. 104 p.

  • United States, Forest Service. 1992. Discovering botanical areas (brochure). Eureka, California: Six Rivers National Forest.

  • United States, Forest Service. 1994. Record of decision for amendments to Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management planning documents within the home range of the Northern Spotted Owl. Standards and guidelines for management of habitat for late-successional and old-growth forest related species within the range of the Northern Spotted Owl.

  • United States, Forest Service. 1995. Land and resource management plan and final environmental impact statement: Six Rivers National Forest. Eureka, California: USDA Forest Service. 3 volumes.

  • United States, Forest Service. 1996. Smith River National Recreation Area final rule published. http://www.fs.fed.us/forum/pi/glenriv.htm April 3, 1996. Accessed March 31, 1997.

  • United States Geologic Survey. 1997. Water resources information: California surface water data retrieval. Accessed 9/15/97. http://water.usgs.gov/swr/CA

  • United States of America. 1978. Ecosystems of the United States (1:7,500,000). US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, RARE II, map B. Reston, Virginia: US Geological Survey. 1 sheet, both sides.

  • Vannote, Robin L., G. Wayne Minshall, Kenneth W. Cummins, James R. Sedell, and Colbert E. Cushing. 1980. The river continuum concept. Canadian Journal of Aquatic Sciences: 37: 130-136.

  • Waldvogel, Jim. 1985. Fall chinook salmon spawning escapement estimate for a tributary of the Smith River, California: Interim report. Crescent City, California: University of California Cooperative Extension. 17 p. Available from Cooperative Extension/Sea Grant Advisory Programs, 981 H Street - Courthouse Annex, Crescent City, California, 95531.

  • Waldvogel, Jim. 1988. Fall chinook salmon spawning escapement estimate for a tributary of the Smith River, California: Second interim report (1980-1987). Crescent City, California: University of California Cooperative Extension. 22 p. Available from Cooperative Extension/Sea Grant Advisory Programs, 981 H Street - Courthouse Annex, Crescent City, California, 95531.

  • Waldvogel, Jim. 1996. Personal communication. Crescent City, California.

  • Warrick, Sheridan F. and Elizabeth D. Wilcox. 1981, Big River- the natural history of an endangered northern California estuary. Santa Cruz, California: University of California. 296 p.

  • Weitkamp, L. A., T. C. Wainwright, G. J. Bryant, G. B. Milner, D. J. Teel, R. G. Kope, and F. S. Waples. 1995. Status review of coho salmon from Washington, Oregon, and California. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-NWFSC-24, 258 p.

  • Williams, Phillip B. 1995. A physical basis for a river/estuarine restoration strategy: A discussion paper for the Bay Institute/EDF. San Francisco, California: Phillips & Associates, Ltd. 4 p.

  • Winston, Matthew and James D. Goodridge. 1980. Precipitation and runoff in the Smith River watershed. [Sacramento]: California State University, [Sacramento]. 22 p. Available from Humboldt County Room, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California.

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